What is Covered Employment?

What is Covered Employment

Covered employment refers to a specific category of work that is protected by the United States labor laws. These laws prohibit employers from discriminating against employees or applicants based on certain characteristics, such as race, sex, or age. Covered employment also includes workers who are eligible for overtime pay and other benefits. If you have been denied a job or experienced other forms of discrimination in the workplace, it is important to understand your rights and what steps you can take to protect them.

What is Covered Employment?

Covered employment means that you are employed by an employer who has to pay Canada Pension Plan (CPP) contributions for you. When you have what the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) considers covered employment, your employers will withhold CPP contributions from your salary or wages and send them directly to the CRA.

You can earn what CRA considers to be pensionable (CPP-covered) employment income even if you are not currently employed because of vacation, illness, or other reasons. However, you may have self-employed, or non-pensionable, employment income. There is a different process for deducting contributions for this type of employment income.

For CPP, what you earn during vacation periods, or while receiving certain types of benefits is considered pensionable employment income. When you are employed by an employer who has to pay CPP contributions, what you earn from this type of employment is combined with what you earn from your employer. Your total earnings are what determine if CPP covers the employment.

What are the features of Covered Employment?

Employment is subject to the laws in the province or territory where it was created. Where you are employed determines what provincial or territorial legislation governs your employment contract.

Federal, provincial, and territorial laws regulate what jobs fall under their jurisdiction as “covered” by labor standards. In Canada, what constitutes covered employment is not the same everywhere. The provincial and territorial laws have different standards for what types of jobs are considered “covered” by labor standards, what matters fall under their jurisdiction, what procedures you can use to enforce your rights under that law, and what penalties you may be subject to.

In Canada, there are limited exemptions from what can be considered covered employment. These exemptions may be found in the labor standards legislation of the province or territory where you live and work. What has covered employment for one type of worker may not be covered for a different kind of worker.

what is covered employment in canada

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How does Covered Employment work?

Covered employment is what you do after you graduate from high school. It’s what most people do after they finish high school. If you want to, you can work instead of going to college. Work experience during high school makes it easier to find a job later on.

Covered employment can be what you do after high school or what someone does to retire. Nowadays, people are living longer so they have to work longer too. There are many reasons why people choose what kind of job they want to have. Some careers pay more than others or offer better benefits because there is a demand for these workers. Some people work because they enjoy what they do and what they offer or what service that company provides to others. 

Many people also work to raise their families and provide better lives than what they might have at home. There are many ways to find out what career would be best for you. Some people pick what they will do by what interests them, what skills they have or what kind of environment would suit them best.

What are the benefits of Covered Employment?

One benefit of covered employment is that it allows the spouse and children of an insured worker to receive survivors’ or dependents’ benefits. Another benefit is that a claimant may be able to receive disability benefits, as long as the medical condition meets the medical description for eligibility. Also, benefits to survivors and dependents include monthly cash benefits payable to a widow or widower age 50 or older, children, disabled adult children, and dependent parents who are not eligible for retirement benefits.  

Benefits may also be available to ex-spouses under certain circumstances. Monthly cash benefits also may be payable to a divorced spouse who is the insured’s former spouse and who meets all requirements for benefits.

Who qualifies for Covered Employment?

Now, let’s focus on what qualifies as covered employment under U.S. immigration law and what types of employers are eligible for H1B visas (non-immigrant work visas).

A foreign national individual may apply for an H1B non-immigrant visa if he or she is coming to the United States temporarily to work in a “specialty occupation” or an occupation that requires “theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge.” The H1B visa is intended for persons working in what are deemed to be specialty occupations.

To qualify as a specialty occupation, the job must meet each of the criteria: The position must be one that requires theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge. This knowledge must be customarily acquired by completing a specific course or series of courses at an accredited college or university.

Theoretical and practical application of the body of specialized knowledge must be demonstrated by attaining a bachelor’s or higher degree (or its equivalent) in the specialty, or its equivalent. The employer normally requires a degree or its equivalent for the position.


The information in this blog post should help you understand what covered employment is and how it pertains to your business. We hope that the insights we’ve provided will be helpful for making decisions about hiring practices, policies, and procedures. Feel free to contact us with any questions or concerns we are always happy to talk!

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